Differences between High Functioning Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome

Differences between High Functioning Autism and Asperger's SyndromeFor decades professionals have been debating how Asperger’s Syndrome fits into the autism spectrum and whether High Functioning Autism and Asperger’s Syndrome are one in the same.  While some have been adamant that Asperger’s Syndrome is merely a lesser form of autism at the higher functioning end of the spectrum, there are some differences that show High Functioning Autism (HFA) to be a distinct condition of its own.

Although individuals with Asperger’s tend to perform better cognitively than those with autism, the extent of the overlap between Asperger’s and high-functioning autism is unclear. Overall, relatively few differences are reported between the causes of Asperger’s and autism. One assumption is that Asperger’s and autism have a common cause, and are variable expressions of the same underlying disorder.

Asperger’s syndrome is an autism spectrum disorder, and people with it show significant difficulties in social interaction, along with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior and interests. It differs from other autism spectrum disorders by its relative preservation of linguistic and cognitive development. Although not required for diagnosis, physical clumsiness and atypical use of language are often reported.

High functioning autism is not an official diagnostic term, though it may be used as such. A neuropsychological profile has been proposed for Asperger’s Syndrome; if verified, it could differentiate between AS and HFA and aid in differential diagnosis.

Relative to HFA, people with AS have deficits in nonverbal skills such as visual-spatial problem solving and visual-motor coordination.  People with HFA have language delays in childhood while people with AS have stronger verbal abilities, but both groups are likely to be of average or above average intelligence.

This entry was posted in Autism Advocacy, Autism Awareness, Autism Diagnosis, Autism Education, Autism in the Family, Autism International, Autism Media Coverage, Autism Research, Autism Symptoms, Autism Therapy, Autism Treatment and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Post a comment or leave a trackback: Trackback URL.

Post a Comment

Your email is never published nor shared.

You may use these HTML tags and attributes <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>

  • Latest News

    Play-Place for Autistic Children: An Autism Wonderland

    Play-Place for Autistic Children’s vision is to pioneer experiences that combine the magic of hope with the power of play and recovery with an innovative support center in Michigan.

    Father Pushes to Get Autism Awareness Sign

    A resident of Tonawanda, New York, successfully convinced the town to install two signs alerting drivers that an autistic child lives in the area. Louis Blazer said that he and one other family were pushing to get the sign installed because they both have highly autistic children. He said he wanted to protect his son before it was too late.

    Autism Could Cost Americans $1 Trillion by 2025

    Caring for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder in the United States is becoming pricier. Alarming numbers have been calculated in a new study published online in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, conducted by Paul Leigh and Juan Du, health economists at the University of California, Davis.

    App Created For and By Teens with Autism Aids Daily Activities

    Dubbed LOLA, which stands for “Laugh Out Loud Aide,” a new app aims to remind children on the autism spectrum to complete certain tasks that they may forget about, which could be due to a sensory overload that they experience.

  • More Autism News