Diabetic Women and those suffering from Obesity Severely Risk their Health

When it comes to giving birth, a mother’s main priority is making sure that her baby is healthy. Having a child that is born with Autism is said to be a factor of how healthy the mother is herself, both before and during pregnancy. Studies have shown that overweight women, as well as women that live with diabetes, have an increased chance of giving birth to a child on the Autism spectrum, especially combining the factors.

While being either overweight or being diabetic only poses a slight risk of giving birth to a child with Autism, being an overweight women with diabetes greatly increases the possibility. The same study also concludes that obese women who were diagnosed with diabetes during their pregnancy are three times more likely to have offspring with Autism. This is called gestational diabetes.

A study by John Hopkins University in their Center on Early Life Origins of Disease followed 2,700 births between 1998 and 2014 at the Boston Medical Center.

“The finding is not a total surprise,” said Dr. Xiaobin Wang, the director of the center. “Many studies have shown that maternal obesity and diabetes have an adverse impact on developing fetuses and their long-term metabolic health.”

Statistics show that 1 in 68 children in the United States are diagnosed with Autism, which sits parallel with the statistics of obesity and diabetes in women of reproductive age. One-third of women in their early thirties are obese, and ten percent are diabetic in America.

Andrea Roberts is a research associate at Harvard School of Public Health, and she weighs in about whether or not mothers are solely responsible for their children having Autism based on their health.

Roberts said, “In terms of casting blame, I would say that when you see a massive increase of obesity over the past 30 years, it’s hard to say it’s an individual’s fault or problem. This is a societal issue.”

Dr. Wang and her team are still continuing the study to find out definitively about the effects of maternal obesity and diabetes resulting in a child on the Autism spectrum.

For more information, visit Philly Voice and US Newspregnancy_hero.

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Prenatal Amino Acid Carnitine Can Reduce Autism Risk

We have heard about plenty of factors during pregnancy that can result in the child having an Autism disorder, such as prenatal stress and Thyroid issues. Studies in how to decrease the chance of possible Autism in offspring are just as important to future mothers. One of the more recent studies determined that the intake of amino acids before and during pregnancy could decrease the chance of the child being diagnosed on the Autism spectrum.

Zhigang Xie is an assistant research scientist at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, and he took the lead on a two-year study that concluded a lack in amino acid Carnitine interrupts neutral stem cells and how they contribute to embryonic and fetal brain development. This can lead to an increased possibility of Autism in the woman’s child.

Amino acid Carnitine can be found in red meat, whole milk, or can be taken as a supplement.

Another researcher on the Texas A&M team is Dr. Vytas Bankaitis. Bankaitis believes this study is important because it’s a precaution that all women should be aware of to decrease the chances of their child having Autism.

Dr. Bankaitis said,“This is a natural product that is available, we are not talking about some sort of experimental drug that nobody really knows what the side effects are, people understand Carnitine as a supplement really quite well.”

The study also determined that neural stem cells that don’t produce the Carnitine on their own can still have it taken from an outside source and work correctly.

The researchers advise women to get tested for the mutated Autism risk gene before becoming pregnant. If they are tested positive for the gene, the future can increase her intake of Carnitine to offset the defect for her child.

A clinical trial is the researchers’ next step in the study.

For more information, visit the Chicago Crusader and Big Country.

By: Nicole Caropolo

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A Better Transportation Plan Needed for the Autistic Population

A Better Transportation Plan Needed for the Autistic Population

It’s essential for an adult to seek reliable transportation options in order to reach their job and perform their duties in a timely manner. It is therefore also crucial for the autistic portion of the population to find options that work and enable them to live a better quality of life. The current infrastructure doesn’t take into account the obstacles that those with developmental disabilities have to face on a daily basis. Fortunately, a recent study by Rutgers University proposes a series of recommendations in order to break down the barriers that keep a portion of the population on the commute sidelines.

The research study has found that integration to safe and reliable transportation would aid tremendously those with autism spectrum disorders. In a country like the U.S. that heavily relies on transportation it is imperative to find a solution to these challenges. In fact, almost all Americans need to use some sort of transportation in order to reach their job, local pharmacy, or even social events and gatherings.

Most autistic adults take the role of the passenger in a car and are primarily driven by other family members to their respective destinations. As a result of this arrangement, both the autistic adult and the family member suffer emotional negative consequences due to the unforeseen stress and inconvenience this causes for both of the parties involved. Family members don’t see public transportation as a viable alternative because it’s either difficult to access or poses problems for the autistic individual.

One of the principal investigators at Rutgers, Cecilia Feeley, commented that “very little has been written about the transportation issues encountered by adults with autism spectrum disorders”. The researcher goes on to say that this is a serious complication for those who are actively seeking employment or pursuing higher education.

Some of the recommendations ask for the establishment of an Autism and Developmental Disabilities Transportation Research Center to helm further investigation on the issue and implement strategies. Another recommendation focuses on the development of transportation training program aimed towards vehicle operators that interact with autistic adults and others diagnosed with special needs disorders.

More research needs to be conducted in order to continue examining the relationship between employment and transportation for those adults on the autism spectrum. However, many desire reliable and consistent options that they can use without leaving home too far behind. They also expressed a need to be instructed on the skills necessary to use public transportation independently.

By Edgar Catasus

For Additional info http://psychcentral.com/news/2015/11/17/mobility-plan-improves-quality-of-life-for-those-with-asd/94978.html


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Can the Modification of Diets Improve Symptoms of ASD?

gluten free
From the moment a child is diagnosed with autism, their parents or caregivers are faced with many decisions. They are presented with various options for therapies, with diet modification being one of the most prominent alternative options. However, researchers are still debating the effectiveness of modification. Could reducing or omitting gluten actually improve behaviors in a child with autism?

Diets free of gluten (found in wheat, rye, and barley), as well as casein (the protein in dairy), are estimated to be followed by 40% of individuals with autism disorders. Although some clinicians recommend these diets, there is still little scientific evidence that the diets have made long-term improvements.

The reason why this diet is recommended is due to the fact that individuals with autism often have sensitive digestive systems, making it difficult for them to process what they intake. Humans extract nutrition from food through their intestines, where small molecules cross the mucosal lining and enter the bloodstream.  Research has shown that individuals with autism often have a “leaky gut”, where their intestines allow molecules to enter the bloodstream, where they shouldn’t be.

The gluten-free and casein-free (GCFC) diet is passed on the theory that opioid peptides, formed from poor digestion of foods, can enter the bloodstream due to the intestines being more permeable. From there, they cross the blood-brain barrier and can lead to disruptions in brain development. However, extensive research has shown that approximately 30% of individuals with autism experience difficulties with their digestion, causing the debate for the need for these regimes.

Furthermore, a history of studies that found a positive effect of GCGC diets on the behaviors of children with autism had flaws, while the studies that were considered most methodological did not result in any significant benefits. This leads professionals to question if it is ethical or financially sound to recommend a diet to parents who are already dealing with a lot of decisions and tapping out their resources.

The key to better understanding the potential of these diets is to create well-designed treatment trials. This will result in more solid evidence to guide clinical and parental decision-making. With the quality of special education and therapies stronger than ever, it is becoming increasingly critical that alternative therapies are also focused on as a way to aid in the individual’s development and well-being.

Source: http://www.sbs.com.au/food/article/2016/01/28/can-gluten-and-casein-free-diets-benefit-kids-autism


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