“Early intervention alters the trajectory of the brain and social development in children with autism,” says Geraldine Dawson, the lead study author along with co-author Sally Rogers who developed the play-focused behavioral therapy called Early Start Denver Model (ESDM). recent research has shown, ESDM may possibly be connected to enhanced social behavior and normal patterns of brain activity in young children with autism.
In the study, skilled interventionists visited the homes of half of the 48 participants for 20 hours per week providing ESDM for two years. The rest of the children were provided with regular community-based intervention.
After two years of ESDM virtually 75 percent of the children in the ESDM group established cognitive processing of the faces, the Atlantic.com reported. For those children not in the ESDM group, just 36 percent had the similar answer.
According to the CDC, the amount of children with autism has risen considerably over the last decades. Today, 1 in 88 children is diagnosed with autism, including 1 in 54 boys. says the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The disorder, a neurodevelopmental condition, becomes noticeable around the age of 3, showing symptoms in communication, social interactions and repetitive behaviors..
The study conducted by Yale School of Medicine Researchers in November, confirms also that early intervention is important in the improved outcome of children on the spectrum. It showed better brain function as well as advances in their abilities to communicate and behave like other children.
The team of Fred Volkmar, M.D., Kevin A. Pelphrey, have found that brains of children with autism respond well to an early treatment method called “pivotal response treatment”, a program geared toward helping the behavior of kids with ASD. The intervention requires parental involvement, as well as “play” situations. It was published in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.